How Can You Fully Recover from Encephalitis?
With proper treatment Encephalitis, many people have recovered from. But in the case of infants and older people, they have a higher risk of sustaining permanent brain damage. Mostly affected people recover from Encephalitis within two or three months.
Encephalitis is a rare disease which is the inflammation of the brain tissues. In an American survey, it is revealed that this disease affects only one person among 200,000 people each year in the U.S.
If it occurs, it has dangerous symptoms like causing personality changes, seizures, weakness, and other symptoms depending on the part of the brain affected.
Elders with a weak immune system and children can easily be affected, which can be caused by one of several viral infections, so it’s sometimes referred to as viral Encephalitis. But this disease can be recovered by the right treatment, though the chance of recovery mainly depends on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation.
In the case of acute Encephalitis, the infection directly affects the brain cells. In para-infectious Encephalitis, the brain and spinal cord become inflamed simultaneously within one to two weeks after having a viral or bacterial infection.
- The Reasons for this disease:
The viral Encephalitis occurs and grows during or after any of these severe viral illnesses like influenza, measles, chickenpox, mumps, herpes simplex, rubella, rabies, and arbovirus infection, including West Nile virus.
Herpes simplex type 1 virus is one of the most common and severe causes of viral Encephalitis which can spread rapidly, and causes seizures or mental changes and even lead to coma or death. A most common symptom of this type of Encephalitis is a cold sore. Early recognition and treatment of herpes encephalitis can save the patient’s life.
Arbovirus encephalitis is another form of viral Encephalitis, which can cause by various viruses that are carried by insects such as mosquitoes and ticks.
In rare instances, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or rickettsial infections can be the reason of Encephalitis. It can also be caused by Cancer or even exposure to certain drugs or toxins.
- The symptoms of Encephalitis:
Generally, the symptoms of this disease are severe and sudden:
- Drowsiness, lethargy, and possibly coma
- Personality changes, irritability, or emotional outbursts
- Weakness in one or more areas of the body
- Bulging soft spots in infants
Seek medical treatment immediately if you or somebody you know are suffering from these symptoms as the early recognition and right procedure of therapy can help you to overcome this disease.
- Diagnosis and Treatment Procedure of this disease:
To diagnose Encephalitis, your medical consultant will consider your symptoms and try to know about any recent illnesses and possible exposure to viruses or if you have been staying closer to others who are ill or near mosquitoes or ticks, for example.
Your doctor may also suggest you get a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, spinal tap, or an electroencephalogram (EEG). These blood tests are necessary to check for the presence of bacteria or viruses and immune cells produced in response to them.
In some cases, an analysis of a brain tissue sample or biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis in cases where symptoms are worsening, and treatments aren’t working. This test can be significant to identify the type of Encephalitis so that appropriate treatment can be given to cure the disease sooner and to prevent further massive loss.
The health complications caused by Encephalitis can be severe, the condition requires hospitalization. Treatment will depend simply on your age and status, as well as the form, spread, and the cause of this disease. The kind of Encephalitis which is caused by a bacterial infection can be treated with intravenous antibiotics. The treatment for herpes-related Encephalitis needs supportive care to get cured, and including this, it needs intravenous antiviral therapy with a drug such as acyclovir. Other treatments are also required to lower fever, provide hydration, treat seizures if they develop, and reduce any pressure in the skull.
With proper treatment, many people have recovered from Encephalitis. But in the case of infants and older people, they have a higher risk of sustaining permanent brain damage.
- How can this disease Encephalitis be prevented:
There has already been considerable progress in discovering the prevention methods for some causes of Encephalitis.
It has been noticed that the elimination of smallpox and the use of vaccines against mumps, measles, and rubella at the primary stage have reduced the incidence of Encephalitis, especially in children. Vaccines have also been developed for people who are in high-risk areas.
Other methods to prevent this life-threatening disease are to avoid viruses that can lead to critical conditions like herpes and to protect yourself from insects like mosquito and tick bites.
Also, read more about Best Precautions to Defend the Nipah Virus