Types of Tendon and Ligament injuries

Both tendons and ligaments are an important part of the knee and play an important role in the functioning of the knee. Tendons and ligaments are both build-ups from the fibrous connective tissue and this is the only similarity between these two.

In the knee, tendon seems like a rubber band that joint bone to bone and help stabilize joints. Likewise, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) attaches the thighbone to the shinbone to stabilizing the knee joint.

Ligaments, situated at each finish of a muscle, join muscle to bone. Ligaments are found all through the body, from the head and neck right down to the feet. The Achilles ligament is the biggest in the body. It connects the lower leg muscle to the heel bone. The rotator sleeve ligaments help your shoulder turn forward and in reverse.

Tendons and Ligaments: –

Ligaments and tendons are thick groups of tissue involving collagen. The two of them help balance our body structures and encourage body developments. The main distinction between tendons and ligaments is that they connect the different part of the anatomy. Where tendons connect muscles to bones, on the other hand, ligaments connect bones to other bones.

Likewise, there are some other minor anatomical differences: –

Tendons contain packs of fiber, which a kind of tissue called endotenon encompasses. This tissue empowers groups of ligament filaments to move against each other, supporting body development.

Ligaments are commonly more flexible than the tendon. There are two distinct sorts of ligaments: white and yellow. The white ligament is wealthy in strong collagen strands, which are not exceptionally versatile. Yellow ligaments contain increasingly flexible strands, which permit greater development.

Ligaments are situated in the joints, on the other hand, tendons give the association among the muscle and bone that enables the muscles to move various pieces of the body. Tendons and ligaments can stretch or tear generally effectively. The side effects of ligament and tendon wounds will, in general, be fundamentally the same as.

Most common injuries seen in ligaments and tendons : –


In case when the ligament is get overstretched or gets torn, then this situation technically known as a sprain. In most cases, sprains occur suddenly, and it can happen because of fall, sudden movement, and blow. In most of the cases, a sprain occurs in the ankle, knee, or wrist. An example when your ankle gets twist suddenly in an awkward position and might hear a pop when the injury occurs then it can be a sprain.

In most cases of sprain, the common symptoms include pain in the affected area, swelling in the affected area, and bruising in the affected area. The affected part may feel clumsy or weak and you may not be able to bear weight with that particular part. Symptom’s intensity can vary depending on either the ligament is overstretched or get torn.


In the case of tendon injury, when it gets overstretched or torn, then it is known as a strain. And the most common areas where it can occur are the leg, foot, and back. A strain may often cause regular movements and it is more common with athletes who train their particular body part regularly without proper time of rest.

Types of Tendon injuries: –


One of the most common pathological issues with tendons is known as tendinitis but is now it is named with tendinosis, in this situation the condition of the tendon is abnormal. Tendinitis suggests a fiery condition and it recently was accepted that incessant abuse leads to tendon fiber tearing and irritation. It is an inflammation of the tendon. And of the most common cause of this issue as it can happen with the natural aging process. Likewise the other parts of the body, tendons also get weaken with age, becoming more prone to stress and injury.

Tendonitis can also happen because of the overuse of it. Such as golfers and baseball players may often experience tendonitis in their shoulders. And the common symptoms of tendonitis include pain when you move the muscle and swelling. And you may feel warm to the touch.


Another constant abuse tendon issue is tenosynovitis, which is an aggravation and additionally bothering between a tendon and its encompassing synovial sheath. This condition influences just those tendons encased inside a synovial sheath. The synovial sheath is likewise called the epitenon. The synovial sheath encompasses ligaments in the distal limits and a couple of different areas, for example, the biceps brachii long head tendon as it goes through the bicipital notch. The sheath decreases grating between the tendon and the retinaculum that ties the tendon near the joint. The tendon must have the option to coast openly inside the sheath.

Types of Ligament injuries: –

Several types of ligaments injury may often because of the pressure of different knee parts and here are several ligaments injuries: –

ACL which stands for Anterior cruciate ligament and it is one of the most common type of knee ligaments injuries. It is the ligaments that connect thigh bone to the shin bone.

PCL which stands for Posterior cruciate ligament and it is also attached with the thigh bone to the shin bone in your knee. And it is the rare kind of ligament injury unless you hit your knee from its front such as in car accident.

LCL which is stands for Lateral collateral ligament and its function is to connect the thigh bone to the fibula which is the smaller bone of your lower leg on the outer side of the knee.

MCL stands for Medial collateral ligament and it is linked with the thigh bone to the shin bone but from the inside of the knee.


Final Verdicts: –

So, guys, I hope you liked all the info we have mentioned above in this article and if you like this article then you can post it to your timeline as well. If you have any queries related to this article then you can contact us through the comment section.


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